Small claims courts often provide a more flexible approach to evidence rules, which can be a relief for many claimants. Rather than adhering strictly to formal rules requiring in-person testimony, these courts may accept written statements and telephone testimony. However, the exact procedures and rules can vary by location, so it is essential to check local regulations beforehand.

Forms of Testimony

Witness Testimony by Telephone

When a witness needs to testify by phone, it is advisable to inform the court clerk well in advance. Even if the initial request is denied, you have the option to appeal directly to the judge during the court session. A written statement from the witness should include the content of the testimony (for example, verifying facts like a car accident) and the reason for their absence, along with their willingness to provide telephonic testimony. Some courts might facilitate a conference call to ensure that all parties can hear and respond to the testimony.

“Witness Statement” by J D Mack is licensed under CC BY 2.0. To view a copy of this license, visit

Witness Testimony by Letter

A written witness statement can be a compelling form of testimony. Here are some key elements to include:

Eyewitness Testimony

An eyewitness statement should include personal details such as the witness’s name, age or status (adult/minor), county of residence, and their relation to the case. Additionally, it should specify the event being described, including the date, time, location, what was observed, and how the event transpired.

Expert Witness Testimony

An expert witness statement should outline the expert’s credentials, professional background, and relevance to the case. It should also detail any examinations or tests conducted, the timing of their work, and the conclusions drawn. If applicable, include the financial impact it would take to rectify issues identified. Attach the expert’s resume and a list of credentials to bolster the testimony’s credibility.

Example Letters

Sample Eyewitness Letter

One format for an eyewitness account could be as follows:

Example: Victor Van Cleve, an eyewitness to a vehicular accident, provides a detailed narrative including the timing, observation, and interpretation of the event, emphasizing the clear violation by the defendant.

Sample Expert Witness Letter

Although not fully included in the provided content, the structure for an expert witness letter would be similar to the eyewitness letter, but with additional emphasis on the expert’s process, credentials, and professional assessment.

General Recommendations for Witness Statements

To ensure the witness statement is robust and credible, include comprehensive details that are clearly articulated. Supplementary documentation, such as resumes and lists of credentials for expert witnesses, can greatly enhance the statement’s credibility. Clarity and precision in describing events or findings will lend more weight to the testimony, significantly influencing the judge’s decision.

Knowing the permissible types of testimony in small claims court and how to effectively present them can significantly impact the outcome of a case. By understanding and adhering to these guidelines, individuals involved in small claims cases can present comprehensive and credible evidence, even when in-person testimony is not an option.

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