The article gives an insight into how species compete and coexist in different ecosystems. It also talks about Resource Partitioning that helps in reducing competition among different species and allowing them to use resources in a way that reduces their own consumption as well as that of other species. This is an evolutionary adaptation that helps in sustaining biodiversity in a habitat. It also helps in avoiding the extinction of weaker species that would otherwise be driven out by their more powerful competitor.
Species with overlapping ecological niches compete for limited resources, and the more similar their niches are, the greater the competition will be. In order to avoid interspecies competition (known as competitive exclusion), species can evolve over time to use different resources, occupy a different area of the habitat, or feed at a different time of day. This is called resource partitioning.
In addition to food, species can also partition other non-consumable resources like nesting sites, shelters and water holes in trees. Moreover, they can also divide other environmental factors like sunlight, water and air. For example, the frogs of the Galapagos Islands share their habitat with land and marine species and have developed different ways to utilize their respective habitats.
It is important for humans to understand resource partitioning because human activities can disrupt these processes and lead to increased competition between species, resulting in their decline or extinction. Understanding the ecology of these species and the ways they interact with each other can help us identify and protect important habitats, biomes and ecosystems.